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GG-Pilot Flight School Award

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Flight Training Information System
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Lightsblank.gif (43 Byte) FAA REGULATIONS

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In this section you'll find information about the Flight Review, FAR Part 61, FAR Part 91, FAR Part 135, FAR Part 141, FAR Part 142, Ground Training and Turbine Transitions.

We highly recommend the digital version of the FAR/AIM for your iPad.

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Flight Review

FAR 61.56 [Flight Review] [Excerpt]

To act as a pilot in command (PIC) of an aircraft, you need to satisfactorily accomplish a flight review every 24 months.

A flight review consists of a minimum of 1 hour of flight training and 1 hour of ground training given by an appropriately rated instructor certified under this part or other person designated by the Administrator (FAA).

Please Note:

Exceptions and special rules to meet the requirements of this section do apply.

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FAR Part 61

Pilot and Flight Instructor Certification

This part prescribes the requirements for issuing pilot, flight instructor, and ground instructor certificates and ratings, the conditions under which those certificates and ratings are necessary, and the privileges and limitations of those certificates and ratings.

For example:

Minimum aeronautical experience required for a certificate or rating issued under this part.

Simply use the index to your left and click on the pilot license or rating of your choice to view the basic requirements.

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FAR Part 91

General Operating and Flight Rules

This part prescribes the rules governing the operation of aircraft within the United States, including the waters within 3 nautical miles of the U.S. coast.

For example:

Pilot in Command (PIC) Duties, Airspace System, Visual Flight Rules (VFR), Instrument Flight Rules (IFR).

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FAR Part 135

Commuter and On-Demand Operations

This part prescribes the rules governing the commuter or on-demand operations for which it is required to hold an air carrier certificate or commercial operating certificate under FAR Part 119.

For example:

Aircraft and equipment requirements for operations under this part in addition to FAR Part 91.

Flight crewmember requirements for operations under this part such as minimum pilot in command (PIC) qualifications.

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FAR Part 141

Pilot School Requirements

This part prescribes the requirements for issuing pilot school certificates and the general operating rules applicable to a holder of such a certificate.

For example:

Flight instructors must be certified under Part 141 to be able to teach students enrolled in such a course.

A FAR Part 141 pilot school can offer a private or commercial pilot course with less than the hours required under Part 61.

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FAR Part 142

Aviation Training Centers

This part prescribes the rules governing the certification and operation of aviation training centers and provides an alternative means to accomplish training required for a pilot certificate.

For example:

Training accomplished in a course conducted by a training center certified under FAR Part 142 of this chapter using an approved flight simulator or approved flight training device (FTD) representing the category, class, and type, if applicable, of aircraft appropriate to the rating sought.

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Ground Training

The FAA does not require a certain number of hours of ground training except for FAR Part 141 and Part 142 courses.

It only requires that ground training has been received and logged on the areas of aeronautical knowledge that apply to the certificate or rating sought.

Ground training can be a home-study course, classroom type course or individual ground training with your instructor.

Go to Written Exam page.

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Turbine Transitions


With your FAA pilot license you can legally fly all helicopters in America if the maximum certified take off weight stays below 12,500 pounds and if the helicopter doesn't require an aircraft type rating as specified by the FAA through the aircraft type certification procedures.

However in the real world you need to do a turbine transition training, which usually includes 10 hours of flight instruction as well as 10 hours of ground instruction.

A turbine transition training may be accomplished after you got your pilot license or it can be included in your private or commercial training.

Flying turbine helicopters like the famous Bell 206 JetRanger is a lot of fun. Only the starting process is critical but once you got it, you'll enjoy the unique sound and power of a turbine engine.


Airplane pilots do need to have an aircraft type rating if they want to fly turbojet-powered airplanes.

Allison Gas Turbine Engine - Model 250
Allison Gas Turbine Engine - Model 250
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